Map of Beringovsky District
The village of Khatyrka
The village of Khatyrka is located on the Bering Sea coast by the mouth of the same-named river. Chukchis call this place “Vatyrkan” that means “a dry, exhausted land”. At present such a name gives a wrong idea about this territory because the surroundings of this village is the only area in the raion where pasture reindeer herding remained and the reindeer herding teams of the Khatyrskoye municipal unitary agricultural enterprise herd reindeers (more than 400 heads) on the rich pastures in the village surroundings.
The village population is 375 people (by the data of the statistical report of April 01, 2003), 328 of them are native. There 136 families, 254 adults and 98 children. There are 145 employed and 62 unemployed villagers, 49 villagers are retired. The ensemble of traditional native dancers work in the cultural center for many years and the elders pass their art of singing and dancing to the children. This is a typical native village with one and two-storied houses. The village has a library, a secondary school, a daycare center and a nursery, a post-office, a center for recreational activities and a hospital.
The main occupations are fishing, hunting and marine mammal hunting. In summer and fall the villagers pick up berries and mushrooms. 16 independent greenhouse farms plant vegetables. The principal food product is fish (rainbow smelt, red salmon, sockeye salmon, flounder, Chinook salmon and others). It is consumed mostly in the village.
The village of Meinypylgino
The village of Meinypylgino is situated on the Bering Sea coast. This is a native village with one and two-storied houses, a library, a secondary school, a daycare center, a cultural center and the original native ensemble and children’s native dancing group. The population is 464 people, 408 of the villagers are native, mostly Chukchis. 49 people (as of March 01, 2003) are unemployed.
The villagers carefully preserve the ancient traditions. Every year the youth participates in the Chukchi festivals: in the Day of First Fish, the Whale Festival, the Day of Young Reindeer. Every summer several families set yarangas on the coast. Salikh Sharafovich Ziabbarov, an enthusiast ethnographer, established the museum of local ethnography and household in the village. It has recently received a status of the state museum.
Fishing is the principle occupation of the villagers. Reindeer herder declined in the economic crisis period and now the villagers intend to restore the reindeer herding economy.
The village of Alkatvaam
The village of Alkatvaam is located on the banks of the same-named river and is surrounded by hills. It is situated to the northwest from the raion center and connects with it by ground road 22 km in length. Alkatvaam is a native village with a food store, a post-office, a hospital, a daycare center, a library, a high school, a cultural center, utilities enterprise and the administration. There are 381 people in the village, 341 of them are native. There are 48 retired and 36 unemployed (as of March 01, 2003).
The village is rather small, with one and two-storied houses. The villagers carefully maintain their ancestors’ traditions. The school has a museum of history and ethnography. There are the original native ensemble and its children’s satellite group working in the cultural center. Every year they celebrate all festivals and perform all ceremonies of the Chukchi calendar.